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Eliminating and preventing weed from growing is a very stressful task. Although they also help in activities like preventing erosion, drawing soil nutrients from bottom to top, and making the environment calm and moist for microorganisms.
Sadly, they compete for nutrients with the more valuable plants. For this reason, they have to be eliminated. But what do you put down to stop weed from coming through?
To stop weeds from coming through, you can put down a plastic weed cover and peg the edges to dry these weeds off and take measures like Mulch, reducing tilling, using herbicides, creating a drought, hand removal, mowing, soil solarization, etc.
Let’s quickly learn more about this!
What Do You Put Down to Control the Growth of Weeds?
You can place a weed suppressant over your weeds to cover them up. When using this method, you must be patient because it takes time for these weeds to dry up. This weed suppressant entails covering your weeds with ground cover to smother them.
By doing this, you are also ensuring that these weeds do not get enough access to air and sunlight, eventually leading to them drying up. After this weed dries up, you can cover-up, hand pull them out, and rake them.
See Also: Best Weed Killer For Gravel Driveways
Natural Ways to Control Weed Growth
1. Hand Pulling
Nothing says natural more than hand pulling. Although pulling weed by hand could be stressful, it is the cheapest and most effective way to control weed growth. This also positively affects one’s health as it acts as an exercise while still providing you with vitamin k from the sun.
Ensure to pull out weeds straight from their roots while hand pulling. Then the weeds uprooted could be discarded or used to make the soil compost.
Placing mulch around your plants is a perfect way to control weeds. Coops could spread straws, pine shavings, feathers, or chicken manure.
It would have decomposed enough by summer that you could walk it into the soil. Laying down straws and mulch during springtime helps to keep your garden pathway clear of all weeds. Although it is not advisable to use hay because it could contain weed seeds.
3. Ground Cover
Using materials like plywood, old carpets or rugs, or even plastics during off seasons could help prevent weeds’ growth and make weeding during the spring easy.
The use of cardboard is recommended because it decomposes over time, adding nutrients to the soil and helping smoothen the weed.
4. Hot Water
Another easy and cheap way to kill a weed is using hot water. The heat kills the weed by destroying the weed’s outer coating. This job could also be done via fire.
This medium is not entirely advisable because the heat also tends to affect organisms in the soil and reduces the soil nutrient.
This would work more safely in small areas to prevent them from tampering with or destroying more essential plants.
4. White Vinegar
White vinegar aids as a great weed-killing agent. Pouring vinegar across a weed patch breaks and destroys its protective coating, exposing them to harsh weather that kills them.
Regular house vinegar contains about 5 percent acetic acid, which could do the trick. Still, you could always go bigger using commercial-grade acid, which contains acetic acid ranging from 20 to 30 percent. You could mix your vinegar with salt and dish soap for a better effect.
What Do You Put Down To Stop Weed From Coming Through? (Artificial Ways to Control Weed Growth)
There are several ways to prevent the growth of weeds. However, some include using toxic chemicals that could pose a danger because they affect the environment and other valuable plants around them.
It is advisable that you make use of more natural remedies before approaching chemicals. Herbicides are divided into two primaries.
1. Pre -Emergent Herbicides
They act on the weed seed and growing seedlings of soil barriers preventing weeds from germinating.
Pre-emergent herbicides are usually used during spring to prevent crabgrass seeds from growing when the soil temperature rises.
If the treatment is done correctly, you could go as long as months without the need to re-spray them.
2. Post – Emergent Herbicides
This work majorly on seedlings and could further be decided into selective and non-selective herbicides.
- Selective herbicides could be applied to a field and target weeds but have little effect on the grass due to active ingredients. Products like MCPP and 2,4-D are common selective herbicides used to control wide varieties of weeds.
Although plant-like weeds may be complex for selective herbicides to attack, products with contents like fenoxaprop ethyl, dithiopyr, or quinclorac could be used for post-emergent controls.
Some products do require a continuous application for adequate control. Nutsedge weed is particularly stubborn and may need repeated applications to be taken care of. A product named sledgehammer is the only known herbicide to help eradicate both purple and yellow nutsedge.
- Nonselective herbicides, on the other hand, kill everything they come in contact with, including plants and lawns. Be extra careful while handling non-selective herbicides to prevent spillage accidents.
One of the most popular non–selective herbicides is Roundup (ai- glyphosate). Its active ingredient, diquat di bromate, can kill weeds within 24 hours of application.
Negative Effects of Weeds
Sometimes the reduction in crop yield could be caused by weed infestation, where weeds compete with plants for sunlight, water, and other essential nutrients, which could lead to poor growth. Please stick with us to find out some of the effects of weeds on plant growth.
Competition For Nutrient
Even weeds need some essential nutrients to thrive and, in the process, must drag nutrients with other plants. By so doing, they make the farmer encounter heavy losses.
Competition For Space
Weeds compete for space with plants both under the ground and above it. The presence of weeds leaves plants with limited, minor, or no room to develop their shoots, which reduces photosynthesis ability and causes them to wilt and die.
Reduction In Crop Quality
Due to the inability to get as many nutrients as needed, they may tend to have lesser quality than usual.
For instance, weeds like mustards, garlic, onions, and sweet cloves could have severe consequences when mistakenly harvested and ground with winter plants. They could give the plant a foul odor, which could reduce its quality.
Compete For Water
All plants need water to grow healthy and robust, including weeds. The weed struggles for water with the pants, thereby deviating from splitting the direction of the water from the plant to the water, which could lead to the plant wilting and later dying.
Some weeds are carriers of diseases that could later be transferred or spread to other valuable crops and cause a reduction in yield and quality.