Temperature is a predominant factor that affects plant growth. If the temperature of any environment is less than ideal, it can be a crucial restriction to some plant growth and their distributions. But how does temperature affects plant growth?
Temperature affects so many plant growth processes, such as transpiration, photosynthesis, respiration, germination and flowering. Whenever a temperature of an area increases to a certain degree, the processes, as mentioned earlier, increase.
Therefore, when it combines with day length, the temperature can affect the change from vegetative to reproductive growth, which in turn causes stunted growth in plants.
This article will highlight at least four key ways in which temperature affects plant growth.
How Does Temperature Affects Plant Growth?
It all depends on the type of plant and the situation surrounding it. Temperature can speed up or slow down the transition. Given this, let’s look at how temperature tends to influence the growth of plants.
Role Of Temperature in The Plant’s Growth Processes
The perfect role temperature plays in every process that plants undergo is a significant influence on the growth or development of the plants, whether positively or negatively.
These include processes such as transpiration, photosynthesis, respiration, germination and flowering.
So, once any of the above-mentioned processes suffer any form of detraction or disadvantage, then plant growth problems can be unavoidable.
In a nutshell, when there is an increase in temperature, it causes an improvement in these processes, whereas any form of a decrease in temperature negatively influences them.
Temperature influences the speed of a plant’s change from the vegetation stage to the reproductive phase because of its involvement in the plant’s respiration, transpiration processes, and photosynthetic.
This issue can be avoided when you connect the growing plants ideally by manipulating the temperatures, both day and night, according to the actual requirements of your plants.
However, you intend to do it, you have to note that photosynthesis should be higher than respiration, as it will enhance the most favorable growth of your plants.
Temperature Role in Plant’s Development
Just like in the plant processes, temperature plays a significant role in the development of plants. If you are an experienced gardener, you don’t need to be told the significant role temperature plays in ensuring success during propagation or cultivation.
A warm and humid environment is required, which either encourages cuttings to root or divisions to help in their development. Therefore, the temperature is particularly significant and required for seeds.
To enable the seeds to germinate, you have to lay them in any conducive area and encourage their growth, depending on what type of plants you want to grow.
A greenhouse is a highly recommended area to start seeds and then to transplant the seedlings in spring.
Try to know the various suitable conditions for your plants and ensure an ideal temperature is available for their proper growth and development.
Temperature Role in Plant’s Blooming
Not only does it influence plant growth in the vegetative stage, but temperature also plays a significant role in the plant’s blooming season.
If you encounter any problem at this stage, neither will your plant grow nor will it have any chance of constituting new developments that will rejuvenate them.
Going by the above, as a gardener, the best thing to do at this stage is to utilize the greenhouse to control your plant’s flowering.
If you happen to reside in an area that doesn’t provide the perfect temperature for blooming, you must provide it yourself using the conditions indoors.
Light and temperature can enhance the formation of flowers according to the season you need for the most favorable and desired. That is why you need to know the ideal blooming temperature for your plants.
Temperature Role in Plant’s Productivity
Temperature, like others, equally affects the quality of your crop and plant’s produce. No gardener would like to harvest limb crops after seasons of toiling.
Therefore, to encourage good produce from your plants, you need to provide them with the right temperature they require, preventing them from lacking in quality or taste, especially plants like squash and lettuce, amongst others.
When your plant finds it challenging to grow well, it tends to affect the quality of its produce. So, it’s vital to equally consider the productivity of your plant and ensure you provide the ideal temperature that is required of it to yield.
Generally, if you’re maintaining your garden, try to acknowledge the factors that influence plant growth.
That’s why we have been able to draw out at least four significant ways in which temperature affects a plant’s growth, including its role in plant processes, development, blooming and productivity.