Because of their similar appearance, most people often confuse the Monstera Deliciosa with the Borsigiana. However, despite belonging to the same family, you can still draw out few differences between both.
The geniculum is one of the most distinguishing features of the Monstera Deliciosa vs Borsigiana.
The geniculum refers to the stem joint, which links the stem to the leaf or leafstalk in plants. Contrary to the Borsigiana variety, mature Deliciosa leaves will have a winkle or geniculum. So, you have to check the mature leaves to see if they are Deliciosa or Borsigiana. The true Deliciosa possesses furrow where the stem meets the leaf that the Borsigiana does not.
What Is Monstera Deliciosa?
The Monstera Deliciosa, also referred to as the split-leaf philodendron, is a large, bold houseplant that is native to the rainforests of Central America.
As well as been a very famous attractive climbing plant, it is also easy to grow and maintain. That is why it is primarily a favorite of several interior designers for both home and office environs.
Growing them indoors features a moderate growth rate and can grow up to 1 to 2 feet tall per year. It possesses leathery, glossy, characteristic split, and heart-shaped leaves from intricate aerial roots, which can be used for ropes and basket-making.
It has other names such as the Swiss Cheese Plant because of its perforated leaves, which can grow up to 3 feet long, and Mexican Breadfruit, because of its corncob-shaped fruit, with a combination of pineapple, banana, and mango taste.
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However, the other part of the plant is poisonous, and its effect is mouth irritation.
You can also plant them outdoors in the correct zone during the year. It will also produce tannish-cream flowers pollinated by bees and edible juicy fruit, featuring a combination of pineapple and banana flavors. However, fruiting is not common in houseplants. It is also toxic to pets.
What Is Monstera Borsigiana?
The Monstera borsigiana, also called the Swiss Cheese Plant, is one of the most renowned and well-known indoor plants around the globe.
It is indigenous to the tropical forests of Central America and is a vining plant that uses aerial roots to climb up trees. It grows enormous, fenestrated leaves developing into a massive height of more than 50 feet (15 meters).
Its dark green, fenestrated leaves are one of the significant reasons it is such a popular houseplant. This plant is a complete showstopper in its own right.
However, variegation has also become a much sought-after leaf feature among plant lovers over the years. Its dramatically split leaves make it so attractive to anyone that comes in contact with it.
Monstera Deliciosa Vs Borsigiana | Key Differences
Indeed, there’s little that differentiates the Monstera Deliciosa from the Borsigiana to the extent that most people often confuse them to be the same plant, especially as its other name is Wrinkle Deliciosa.
However, we will try to dissect the critical difference(s) between both plants.
Firstly, in terms of the size of leaves, the Monstera Deliciosa has more giant leaves than the Borsigiana leaves.
Also, the former possesses a leathery and attractive leaf that can grow up to 3 feet (1 meter) wide and tall, whereas that of the latter, though also a beautiful leaf plant, can only grow up to 1.6 feet (0.5meters) tall and wide.
Secondly, though it is often smaller, the Monstera Borsigiana has a more rapid growth rate than the Deliciosa.
The Deliciosa’s growth rate is at 2feet (1 meter) per year on average, although it can grow as tall as 30feet (9meters) in its natural habitat, whereas the former can’t grow up to that stage even in its natural habitat.
Thirdly, as long as the geniculum is concerned, it is one of the most significant differences between the two plants.
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The Deliciosa has a wrinkly geniculum at the end of each petiole where it meets the leaf; hence it is popularly known as ruffles. Its peculiar structure enables movement and flexibility.
On the other hand, the Borsigiana looks like the other plants with the common geniculum. Once you touch the leaf base that joins it to the stem, it seems plain and straight and feels smooth.
Meanwhile, the geniculum inspections should be done when tender because Deliciosa grows its ruffles as it gets towards a complete-blown maturity stage.
Another key difference between both plants is the intervals between their nodes. The distance between the nodes of the Borsigiana is longer than that of the Deliciosa, which is why as it pushes for new growth, Borsigiana tends to vine at a higher rate.
How is Monstera Deliciosa Similar to Monstera Borsigiana?
Despite the differences, both plants share similar characteristics, which is why they’re often mistaken for each other. For instance, although some may not be entirely similar, both the Deliciosa and the Borsigiana have heart-shaped leaves.
They are both famous for their dark green leaves that look neatly cut with scissors and are oblong or semi-round shape. Both also have fenestrated leaves which enhances their moisture and nutrient intake.
They both possess similar rooting structures and have identical leaf features. They also develop a large number of aerial roots called adventitious roots.
It would help if you didn’t forget that they are both from the same genus as the blooming plants in the Arum family.
Both varieties possess similar growth requirements for the most part. For instance, they both need a well-draining, peat soil-based potting mix, a moderate level, and high organic content.
They also require repotting once their roots have extended around the sides and beneath the pot’s base to avoid root bounding.
Both thrive under indirect sunlight, as excessive sun exposure can result in leave burn and scorch. Their average temperature shouldn’t be more or lower than 60 – 80 degrees F (16-27degree C).
They also require watering but a moderate level, depending on the condition of the soil. Fertilizing is also important but on an average level and with the recommended mix.
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