5 Different Cabbage Growth Stages (Explained)

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As a gardener, watching your plants grow and blossom is what you cannot trade for anything. Cabbage growth stages are no different from other vegetables.

However, if you do not know, you might be compelled to do many things simultaneously to ensure your plant flourishes. It might seem progressive, but in the long run, you would agree that it is always better to be conversant with the plant’s growth stages.

Every plant goes through the germination stage, maturity stage, the dormant stage, and cabbage are no different.

So let’s learn about the different growth stages of cabbage plants and the necessary things you must do at every step!

Fun Facts About Cabbage

Cabbage is a popular culinary plant related to Brussels sprouts, broccoli, cauliflower, or kale. It belongs to brassica oleraceae, a species of vegetable. Cabbage is a versatile vegetable that is mainly used to make salads.

It is packed with numerous nutrients, making it an excellent choice for vegans. Many people would choose to have or plant cabbage for easy access because of its high nutritional profile.

Like other plants, cabbage goes through growth stages, and you must know about them to better offer the plant all it needs for successful growth.

See Also: Soybeans Growth Stages

Cabbage Growth Stages

1. Germination stage

Every plant goes through the germination stage immediately after planting. This is the initial stage that guarantees further growth of the cabbage. So, whether you grow your cabbage in the pot or directly in the soil, it will sprout between ten days and two weeks.

You must pay attention to the plant at this stage. Be careful to include moisture, soil nutrients, temperature, and sunlight in place. Meeting all the requirements for the plant would reward your effort. Leave your cabbage in 6 to 8 hours of direct sunshine daily.

Feed the soil with water and fertilizers since cabbage is a heavy feeder. The best temperature for cabbage at this stage ranges anywhere from 65°F to 70°F. This would help it germinate quickly.

If you do well during this stage, you will encourage your cabbage to transit into another stage, the seedling stage.

2. Seedling stage

You should expect that your cabbage will begin to develop structure at this stage. The cabbage will start to form young leaf-like structures, young root-like structures, and stem-like structures. All these structures make up the seedlings.

If you have offered the plant the nourishment it requires for its growth, it will do well at this stage. Although the cabbage will develop leaves, it is not mature enough to make its food.

Continue to care for the plant at this stage, watering it, exposing it to sufficient light, and feeding it with proper fertilizers so that it can thrive into another stage.

3. Vegetative stage

For cabbage seeds to germinate and grow into seedlings, they must stretch and elongate their embryonic structures to perform complex physiological processes.

The processes include water intake, photosynthesis, transpiration, and distribution of water and nutrients. The vegetative stage is the stage during which the plant grows.

New embryonic seeds turn into true leaves, young embryonic roots turn into true origins, and shoots turn into stems during the vegetative phase of cabbage. As a result of these leaves and roots, cabbage plants grow and lengthen as they synthesize their food.

4. Flowering stage

After the cabbage plant’s structures mature, flowering is the process by which higher plants ensure their survival by creating seeds.

This is the end of the cabbage plant’s life cycle. The cabbage plant will die after producing seeds, signaling the end of its life cycle after it has made seeds.

5. The fruiting stage

When the plant has completed its flowering, its leaves form into cabbage heads, ready for harvest within three to four months of planting.

So you should expect your cabbage to be fully grown and ready for use at this stage.

These are the necessary growth stages that every cabbage plant goes through before they are fully matured and used for culinary purposes.

How to Care for Cabbage Plant

Like other plants, cabbages need enough attention for them to grow the right way. For this to happen, you must be able to give the plant all that it needs for its growth.

However, the first thing that you must do is plant your cabbage at the most acceptable time.

Cabbage is a spring and fall crop that needs to be planted at the right time. Do not plant your cabbage during the frost, as this might scare the plant or damage it at early growth.

  • Use suitable soil; well-drained soil will most likely give your plant every space it needs for its growth.
  • Do not expose your cabbage to too much heat or severe frost; otherwise, you will find it doing poorly at the beginning or even the middle of its growth.
  • Water your plant consistently, but do not overwater it, or you will put the soil in bad condition, which will, in the long run, affect the plant.
  •  Remember that cabbage plants are heavy feeders, so support their growth with compost or fertilizer.
  • Look out for pests so you wouldn’t have them stunting the growth of your cabbage plant.


Cabbage growth stages are not different from other plant growth stages. You must learn about the growth stages to know how best to approach your plant at every stage.

The germination stage is always the initial stage of every plant and requires the most attention compared to other stages.

Now that you have learned about the cabbage growth stages, we hope you can do everything required for every step for its healthy growth.

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